Travis Steffens

I am a Conservation Ecologist that studies lemurs in Madagascar. My broad interests include conservation ecology, biogeography and landscape ecology. My current research is focussed on looking at how primate communities and species respond to habitat fragmentation.


Travis Steffens and his research team

Travis Steffens and his research team


Steffens T.S. and Lehman S.M. (In Review). Landscape ecology of deforestation processes and lemur biogeography in Madagascar. In GPS and GIS for Primatologists: A Practical Guide to Spatial Analysis. Cambridge University Press.

Steffens T.S. and Lehman S.M. (In Review). Species-area relationships of lemurs in a fragmented landscape in Madagascar. American Journal of Primatology.

Steffens T.S. and Lehman S.M. (2018). Lemur Species-specific Metapopulation Responses to Habitat Loss and Fragmentation. PLOS ONE. 13(5):e0195791.

Steffens T.S. and Lehman S.M. (2016) Factors determining Microcebus abundance in a fragmented landscape. In Evolutionary Biology and Ecology of the Cheirogaleidae. Cambridge University Press. p.447-497.

Behie, A. M., Steffens, T. S., Wyman, T. M., & Pavelka, M. S. (2015). Hurricanes and coastlines: The role of natural disasters in the speciation of howler monkeys. in Taxonomic Tapestries. Behie, A. M., & Oxenham, M. F. (Eds.). ANU Press. p.75-92.

Valenta, K., Steffens, T. S., Rafaliarison, R. R., Chapman, C. A., & Lehman, S. M. (2015). Seed banks in savanna, forest fragments, and continuous forest edges differ in a tropical dry forest in Madagascar. Biotropica, 47(4), 435-440.

Pavelka M.S.M., McGoogan K.C., & Steffens T.S.(2007). Population size and characteristics of Alouatta pigra before and after a major hurricane. International Journal of Primatology, 28, p. 919-929.

Peer Reviewed Submitted and In Preparation:

Steffens T.S., Ramsay M.S., & Lehman S.M. (In Prep). Enter the matrix: habitat use by Microcebusspp. in a fragmented landscape.

Steffens T.S., Mercado Malabet F.M, & Lehman S.M. (In Prep). Lemur species-specific landscape scale responses to habitat loss.

Steffens T.S., Abdul H., Rabe H., & Razafitsalama M. (In Prep). Change in resident knowledge and attitudes towards conservation of lemurs following conservation action.

Other Publications:

Epley T.M, Patel E.R., Steffens T.S.(Submitted). Avahi occidentalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Steffens T.S. (2017) Biogeographic Patterns of Lemur Species Richness and Occurrence in a Fragmented Landscape. Doctoral Thesis Dissertation University of Toronto. TSpace. Available at:

Steffens T.S.(2017) Sustainable Forest Communities in Madagascar. Far Afield 9(1):32 

Steffens T.S.(2015) Madagascar’s Limestone Labyrinth. Far Afield 6(2):19-22

Steffens T.S. (2014) Cape Town Chow Down. The BackBeat Blog.

Steffens T.S. (2014) Beat the Winter Blues. The BackBeat Blog.

Steffens T.S. (2014) Bizarre and Beautiful: Five Amazing Creatures Found Only in Madagascar. Huffington Post The Blog.

Steffens T.S. (2013) The Truth Behind the Movie, Madagascar. The Compass Blog

Steffens T.S. (2009) When the smoke settles. Nashwaak Review. 22:282-285 

Steffens T.S. (2009) Madagascar, Nashwaak Review22:285-288

Steffens T.S. (2007) Determining the habitat features associated with the distribution of the black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) within Belize, Central America. Masters Thesis University of Calgary. Available at: